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November 2019

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Global 1919: Remaking Worlds

Global 1919: Remaking Worlds

November 01, 2019 to November 02, 2019


Heyman Center Common Room

Event Type: 

Global 1919: Remaking Worlds

Friday, November 1, 2019 2:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Saturday, November 2, 2019 10:00AM - 1:00PM

Location: Heyman Center Common Room

The Great War devoured lives, landscapes, and imperial institutions. Global 1919: Remaking Worlds will examine the aftermath of WWI on a global scale. Although experienced differently in different parts of the world, 1919 collectively transformed the conceptual vocabulary and political practice of empires, nations and states worldwide. Indeed, when the old power brokers of Europe gathered to divide the spoils of war they encountered questions and demands they had not anticipated. In the aftermath of the War, disenfranchised colonial subjects revolted in pursuit of independence, formerly marginalized groups demanded new rights, and theorists, visionaries, and artists drew inspiration from this climate of hope and uncertainty. By bringing together local and international historians interested in exploring the events and after-effects of 1919, we aim to attend to the fundamental transformations of world orders and imperial powers that were inaugurated by war and revolution. 

Many studies of global 1919 tend to view the “provincialization” of Europe against the backdrop of anticolonialism. Debates about the future of political communities at this time were critically poised between the alternatives of nation and empire, even as a range of new hybrids—from mandate trusteeship, to dominion colonies, and practices of indirect rule—emerged across Eurasia, the Middle East and sub-continental India, and Africa. Meanwhile, the Russian Revolution of 1917 (and the formation of the Soviet Union) had deeply impacted growing demands for self-determination by colonized peoples, as did new calls for minority rights, political independence, and human emancipation more broadly. Global 1919 follows suit and takes inspiration from a number of new works that have challenged older narratives of internationalism. While many such conventional histories in the past privileged the role of international organizations such as the League of Nations or the United Nations, as a number of new scholarly works have shown, these organizations themselves might best be understood as merely responding to rather than critically  shaping the then global rise of rights discourses and revolutionary international orders. 

By bringing together world regions typically separated by governing distinctions between the history of Europe and those of the “darker nations,” or by post-War regional divisions and disciplines organized around “area studies” we hope to examine the manner in which debates about self determination, political solidarity, minority rights and identity shaped intellectual traditions in decolonizing nations. Exploring a range of popular uprisings, revolutionary claims and political communities, we also aim to ask about the reach and relevance of a variety of global radical movements, from Marxist internationalism, pan-Islamism and pan-Africanism to emerging Afro-Asian solidarity movements. Yet, as we hope to underscore in our workshops too, the aftermath of WWI effected a profound transformation of political as much as social life. As such, we aim to explore the many experiments in rewriting histories of the self as much as the radical futures of communities in the global south that were torn apart by the violence of colonial regimes, imperial institutions and liberal juridical orders.


  • Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy
  • Institute for Comparative Literature and Society
  • Columbia Department of History
  • South Asia Institute

Conference Schedule 

Rebecca Karl - “The Shadow of Democracy: Thinking Today about the Centenary of May Fourth”
Radhika Singha - TBA
Jonathan Wyrtzen - “Reimagining the Post-Ottoman Greater Middle East from Above and Below in the Long Great War”

Coffee/Tea Break 

3:45- 5:15
Westenely Alcenat - “Race at the Service of Empire: The Global Legacy of 1919, the United States Occupation of Haiti, and the Modernization of Racism”
Lydia Liu - “The Color of Moral Thought After 1919”
Hussein Omar - “The Age of Minority”

Manu Goswami - “Constructivist Comparisons: Mapping the 1920 Colonial and National Theses”
Aaron Jakes - “The Gulf Between the Effendi Class and the Fellahin: Encountering Economism in the Archives of 1919”

Roundtable: Paul Chamberlin, Marwa Elshakry, Adam Green, Anupama Rao


Celebrating Recent Work by Brendan O'Flaherty and Rajiv Sethi

Celebrating Recent Work by Brendan O'Flaherty and Rajiv Sethi

November 14, 2019
6:10 PM


IAB Room 1512 420 W 118th St New York, NY, 10027

Event Type: 

New Books in the Arts & Sciences:
Celebrating Recent Work by Brendan O'Flaherty and Rajiv Sethi

Shadows of Doubt: Stereotypes, Crime, and the Pursuit of Justice
By: Brendan O'Flaherty and Rajiv Sethi

Shadows of Doubt reveals how deeply stereotypes distort our interactions, shape crime, and deform the criminal justice system.

If you’re a robber, how do you choose your victims? As a police officer, how afraid are you of the young man you’re about to arrest? As a judge, do you think the suspect in front of you will show up in court if released from pretrial detention? As a juror, does the defendant seem guilty to you? Your answers may depend on the stereotypes you hold, and the stereotypes you believe others hold. In this provocative, pioneering book, economists Brendan O’Flaherty and Rajiv Sethi explore how stereotypes can shape the ways crimes unfold and how they contaminate the justice system through far more insidious, pervasive, and surprising paths than we have previously imagined.

Crime and punishment occur under extreme uncertainty. Offenders, victims, police officers, judges, and jurors make high-stakes decisions with limited information, under severe time pressure. With compelling stories and extensive data on how people act as they try to commit, prevent, or punish crimes, O’Flaherty and Sethi reveal the extent to which we rely on stereotypes as shortcuts in our decision making.

Sometimes it’s simple: Robbers tend to target those they stereotype as being more compliant. Other interactions display a complex and sometimes tragic interplay of assumptions: “If he thinks I’m dangerous, he might shoot. I’ll shoot first.” Shadows of Doubt shows how deeply stereotypes are implicated in the most controversial criminal justice issues of our time, and how a clearer understanding of their effects can guide us toward a more just society.

About the Authors:

Brendan O’Flaherty is Professor of Economics at Columbia University. He studies urban economics in relation to homelessness and crime. He has been teaching at Columbia for over thirty years and previously served as aide to Kenneth Gibson, Newark's first African-American mayor .His books include The Economics of Race in the United States and City Economics.

Rajiv Sethi is a Professor of Economics at Barnard College, Columbia University and an External Professor at the Santa Fe Institute. He has previously held visiting positions at Microsoft Research in New York City, and at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He is on the editorial boards of the American Economic Review and Economics and Philosophy. He is also a founding member of CORE (Curriculum Open-Access Resources for Economics), a group of scholars engaged in the production of high-quality resources for the teaching of economics, distributed free of charge worldwide under a Creative Commons license. The first book-length publication by this group is The Economy, available at

About the Speakers:

Carla Shedd is Associate Professor in the Urban Education PhD Program at the CUNY Graduate Center. Her work focuses on timely issues related to criminal justice; race, law and society; social inequality; and urban policy. Her current research centers on New York City’s juvenile justice system, specifically investigating how young people’s institutional experiences influence their placement on and movement along the carceral continuum.

Suresh Naidu teaches economics, political economy and development. Naidu previously served as a Harvard Academy Junior Scholar at Harvard University, and as an instructor in economics and political economy at the University of California, Berkeley. Naidu holds a BMath from University of Waterloo, an MA in economics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and a PhD in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Valerie Purdie Greenaway serves as Director for the Laboratory of Intergroup Relations and the Social Mind (LIRSM). She is an associate professor in the Department of Psychology at Columbia University, core faculty for the Robert Wood Johnson Health & Society Scholars Program (RWJ Columbia-site), and research fellow at the Institute for Research on African-American Studies (IRAAS) at Columbia. Dr. Purdie Greenaway has authored numerous publications that have appeared in journals such as Science, Psychological Science, and Journal of Personality & Social Psychology. She was been awarded grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Russell Sage Foundation, Spencer Foundation and William T. Grant Foundation. In 2013, Dr. Purdie Greenaway was awarded the Columbia University RISE (Research Initiative in Science and Engineering) award for most innovative and cutting edge research proposal titled, “Cells to Society” approach to reducing racial achievement gaps: Neuro-physiologic pathways involved in stereotype threat and social psychological interventions. Previously, Dr. Purdie Greenaway served on the faculty at Yale University. She completed her doctoral work in psychology at Stanford University in 2004 as a student of Dr. Claude Steele. She completed her undergraduate work at Columbia University and lettered in varsity basketball.

Miguel Urquiola, is professor and chair of the Department of Economics, Columbia University.  He is also a member of the faculty of the School of International and Public Affairs, and of the Columbia Committee on the Economics of Education.


6:10 PM


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