Global Scholars Research Grants

2011-12

Immigration and Health Inequality in France

By Emily Arsen

Prior research has determined that individuals of lower socioeconomic status and immigrants tend to have lower life expectancies as well as lower standards of living as a result of poor health.  Yet most of this research has neglected to look at the actual health services that individuals receive.  The goal of this project is to analyze whether existing socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in France, specifically Paris, are proliferated by the kind of health care services that individuals seek and receive within France’s purportedly universal health care system.  The stark inequality within the city provides an opportunity to compare the efficacy and accessibility of the health services provided by the French government. 

This project will use a multi-method approach that includes quantitative analysis of secondary data sources as well as qualitative, in-depth interviews with health care providers.  The project will first look at national and international reports on the health and life expectancy of habitants in France.  Secondly, we will analyze the health services received by individuals of different socioeconomic and immigrant status to determine whether these groups receive different kinds of care and treatment.  Finally, we will use information from the interviews to extrapolate how the interactions between patients and doctors and how variations in these interactions might contribute to health inequalities.

From the Lens Above and the Eyes Below: Closed Circuit Television Surveillance and the Tottenham Riots

By Matthew Grumbach

The media, politicians, and social scientists continue to disagree about what fueled the riots in England in August 2011, citing poverty, police brutality, unemployment, and moral decline. Moving away from the discussion of causation, this research will examine how CCTV cameras informed how people participating in the riots used public space in the north London neighborhood of Tottenham. This question is especially pertinent as social movement participants from Tahrir Square to Occupy Wall Street continue to use public space in city centers, the locations in cities that are often the most surveilled. This research will rely on interviews and ethnographic fieldwork to understand how social movement repertoires have changed in areas with high levels of surveillance. In addition, the project will consider how CCTV enhances the ability for police to respond to mass mobilization. The qualitative component of the research will be enhanced by spatial analysis using GIS technology to create maps that indicate the location of CCTV cameras, residential housing, businesses, and public parks in Tottenham.